Cetacean Taxonomy
Species classification

whale taxonomyThe cetaceans are divided up into 3 major groups of which only 2 have living representatives. These are the baleen or 'moustache' whales, whom lack teeth and depend mostly on small planktonic animals for food, and the Odontocetes, or teethed whales. Most Odontocetes are commonly refered to as dolphins or porpoises.

 


Odontoceti or toothed whales
xFamily Physeteridae - Large heads
xSperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)
xFamily Kogiidae -
xPygmy Sperm Whale (Kogia breviceps)
xDwarf Sperm Whale (Kogia simus)
xFamily Zipihiidae - Beaked Whales
xAndrew's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon bowdoini)
xArnoux's Beaked Whale (Berardius arnuxii)
xBaird's Beaked Whale (Berardius bairdii)
xBlainville's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon densirostris)
xCuvier's Beaked Whale (Ziphius cavirostris)
xGervais' Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon europaeus)
xGinkgo-Toothed Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon ginkgodens)
xGray's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon grayi)
xHector's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon hectori)
xHubb's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon carlhubbsi)
xLongman's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon pacificus)
xNorthern Bottlenose Whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus)
xSouthern Bottlenose Whale (Hyperoodon planifrons)
xSowerby's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon bidens)
xStraptoothed Whale (Mesoplodon layardii)
xStejneger's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon stejnegeri)
xTasman Beaked Whale (Tasmacetus shepherdi)
xTrue's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon mirus)
xFamily Delphinidae - Oceanic Dolphins
xAtlantic Humpbacked Dolphin (Sousa teuszii)
xAtlantic Spotted Dolphin (Stenella plagiodon)
xAtlantic White-Sided Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus)
xBlack Dolphin (Cephalorhynchus eutropia)
xBottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
xClymene Dolphin (Stenella clymene)
xCommerson's Dolphin (Cephalorhynchus commersonii)
xCommon Dolphin (Delphinus delphis)
xDusky Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus)
xFalse Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassidens)
xFraser's Dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei)
xIndo-Pacific Humpbacked Dolphin (Sousa chinensis)
xHeaviside's Dolphin (Cephalorhynchus heavisidii)
xHector's Dolphin (Cephalorhynchus hectori)
xHourglass Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus cruciger)
xIrrawaddy Dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris)
xKiller Whale (Orcinus orca)
xLong-Finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala melaena)
xMelon-Headed Whale (Peponocephala electra)
xNorthern Right Whale Dolphin (Lissodelphis borealis)
xPacific White-Sided Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens)
xPeale's Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus australis)
xPygmy Killer Whale (Feresa attenuata)
xRisso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus)
xRough-Toothed Dolphin (Steno bredanensis)
xShort-Finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus)
xSouthern Right Whale Dolphin (Lissodelphis peronii)
xSpinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris)
xSpotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata)
xStriped Dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba)
xTucuxi (Sotalia fluviatilis)
xWhite-Beaked Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris)
xFamily Monodontidae -
xBeluga (Delphinapterus leucas)
xNarwhal (Monodon monoceros) - light colored and long beaks
xAmazon River Dolphin (Inia geoffrensis)
xChinese River Dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer)
xFranciscana (Pontoporia blainvillei)
xGanges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
xIndus River Dolphin (Platanista minor)
xFamily Iniidae -
xAmazon River Dolphin (Inia geoffrensis) ???
xFamily Pontoporiidae -
xYangtze River Dolphin
xLa Plata Dolphin
xFamily Phocoenidae
xBurmeister's Porpoise (Phocoena spinipinnis)
xCochito (Phocoena sinus)
xDall's Porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli)
xFinless Porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides)
xHarbour Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)
xSpectacled Porpoise (Phocoena dioptrica)

Mysticeti or baleen whales
xFamily Eschrichtiidae
xGray whale (Eschrichtius robustus)
xFamily Balaenopteridae - rorqual whales
xSubfamily: Balaenopterinae
xBlue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
xBryde's Whale (Balaenoptera edeni)
xFin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus)
xMinke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata)
xSei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis)
xSubfamily: Megapterinae
xHumpback Whale (Megeptera novaeangliae)
xFamily Balaenidae
xBowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus)
xNorthern Right whale (Eubalaena glacialis)
xSouthern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis)
xFamily Neobalaenidae
xxPygmy Right Whale (Caperea marginata)

 

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