navigation
Previous Plant Next Plant

xxxHome
x
xAbsinth wormwood
x
xAlligatorweed
x
xAmerican Lotus
x
xAmerican Pondweed
x
xAmpelopsis
x
xAustralian Pine
x
xBaccharis
x
xBamboo
x
xBanana Passionflower
x
xBarnyard Grass
x
xBermuda Grass
x
xBirdsfoot Deervetch
x
xBlack Locust
x
xBlack Mustard
x
xBlue Lettuce
x
xBrazilian Elodea
x
xBrazilian Peppertree
x
xBufflegrass
x
xBull Thistle
x
xBulrush
x
xBurdock
x
xButtonbush
x
xCanada Thistle
x
xCattails
x
xCheatgrass
x
xCherry Silverberry
x
xChinaberry
x
xChineese Lespedeza
x
xChinese Bush Clover
x
xChinese Privete
x
xChinese Tallow Tree
x
xClimbing Hempweed
x
xCogon Grass
x
xCommon Buckthorn
x
xCommon Cocklebur
x
xCommon Reed
x
xCommon Sowthistle
x
xCoontail
x
xCottonwood
x
xCrownvetch
x
xCurlyleaf Pondweed
x
xDalmation Toadflax
x
xDiffuse Knapweed
x
xDuckweed
x
xDyer's Woad
x
xElephant Ears
x
xElodea
x
xEnglish Ivy
x
xEurasian Watermilfoil
x
xEuropean Stickseed
x
xField Bindweed
x
xField Mustard
x
xField Sowthistle
x
xFloating Heart
x
xFloating Primrose
x
xFlowering Rush
x
xFragrant Water-Lilly
x
xGallant Solder
x
xGarlic Mustard
x
xxGiant Foxtail
x
xGiant Reed
x
xGiant Salvinia
x
xGlossy Buckthorn
x
xGorse
x
xHalogeton
x
xHempnettle
x
xHimalayan Raspberry
x
xHoary Cress
x
xHorsenettle
x
xHorseweed
x
xHoundstongue
x
xHydrilla
x
xIvy Gourd
x
xJapanese Barberry
x
xJapanese knotweed
x
xJohnson Grass
x
xJointed Goatgrass
x
xKlamath Weed
x
xxKochia
x
xKoster's Curse
x
xKudzu
x
xLeafy Spurge
x
xLimnophila
x
xLongspine Sandbur
x
xMalaleuca
x
xMedusahead
x
xMiconia
x
xMimosa
x
xMiramar Weed
x
xMultiflora Rose
x
xMusk Thistle
x
xNepalese Brown Top
x
xNorway Maple
x
xOld World Climbing Fern
x
xOrange Hawkweed
x
xOxeye Daisy
x
xPale Yellow Iris
x
xPaper Mulberry
x
xPara Grass
x
xParrotfeather
x
xPerenial Pepperweed
x
xPeriwinkle
x
xPlumeless Thistle
x
xPoison Hemlock
x
xPorcelainberry
x
xPrincess Tree
x
xPuncturevine
x
xPurple Loosestrife
x
xPurple Starthistle
x
xPupletop Vervain
x
xQuackgrass
x
xQueen Anne's Lace
x
xRedroot Pigweed
x
xReed Canarygrass
x
xRice Cut-Grass
x
xRiviere Golden Bamboo
x
xRussian knapweed
x
xRussian Thistle
x
xSalvinia minima
x
xScotch Broom
x
xScotch Thistle
x
xSkeleton Weed
x
xSlender Naiad
x
xSmartwed
x
xSmooth Brome
x
xSouthern Naiad
x
xSpatter-Dock
x
xSpiny Naiad
x
xSpotted Knapweed
x
xStrawberry Guava
x
xSulfur cinquefoil
x
xSunflower
x
xSwallowworts
x
xTamarisk/Salt Cedar
x
xTansy Ragwort
x
xTeasel
x
xTexas Blueweed
x
xTorpedo Grass
x
xTree of Heaven
x
xTropical Soda Apple
x
xTumble Pigweed
x
xUruguayan Primrose
x
xVariable-Leaf Milfoil
x
xWater Buttercup
x
xWater Chestnut
x
xWater Moss
x
xWater Paspalum
x
xWater Shield
x
xWater Hyacinth
x
xWater Lettuce
x
xWater Willow
x
xWestern Water Hemlock
x
xWhite Sweetclover
x
xWhitetop
x
xWild Mustard
x
xWild Parsnip
x
xWillows
x
xYellow Nutsedge
x
xYellow Starthistle
x
xYellow Toadflax


Miconia - Miconia calvescens
Family: Melastomaceae

play video

TPIUC

Description

Miconia is a tree averaging 12-15 m tall with large opposite strongly trinerved leaves (up to over 1 m in length). The leaves are entire, dark green above and purple below. The inflorescence is a large panicle with showy sweet-scented white to pinkish flowers. The fruit is a berry containing as many as 100 tiny seeds.

Interesting facts

Miconia can flower two-to-three times per year resulting in prolific seed production. All stages of flowering as well as mature and immature fruits can be observed on a single tree (flowers, mature and immature fruits). The fruits are eaten by and the seeds are dispersed by frugivorous birds. The soil beneath the trees can contain large seed banks. These seeds lie dormant under dense shade but are stimulated to germinate by openings in the canopy.

A mature tree casts dense shade that eliminates the ground cover. Its shallow root system does not hold the exposed soil, resulting in severe erosion. Miconia can spread to all moist habitats, including farms, pastures, roadsides, and forests. A single plant can produce millions of seeds that are widely dispersed by birds or people who inadvertently carry the tiny seeds to new areas on their vehicles or muddy boots.


VIDEO


Links to more information


Website, video, and graphics by Rob Nelson
For more information on this plant or management please contact US Army Corp of Engineers

 

New Biology Video Podcast The Wild Classroom Biology Concepts Biodiversity Home