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Horsenettle - Solanum carolinense
Family: Solanaceae

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TPIUC

Description

Horsenettle is a perennial herb with branching rootstocks and creeping rhizomes. Two distinctive vegetative features of the plant are the yellow spines and the sessile stellate hairs with four to eight branches that cover the stems and leaves. The leaves are alternate, mostly ovate with sinuate to slightly lobed margins. Spines on the leaves are usually found along the major veins. The inflorescences are 5-20 flowered in cymose or racemose clusters. The petals are pale violet to white. The berry, which looks like a small tomato, is bright yellow.

Interesting facts

Horsenettles are found in fields, pastures, woodlands, and waste areas especially in sandy soil. The plant has been reported to be toxic to cattle, sheep, and deer.


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Website, video, and graphics by Rob Nelson
For more information on this plant or management please contact US Army Corp of Engineers

 

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