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Cattails - Typha spp.
Family: Typhaceae

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Description

Cattails are erect, rhizomatous perenials that grow from 3 to 7 feet tall and have the potential to form dense stands in aquatic habitats.

Interesting facts

North american cattails have an interesting taxonomic history. The first cattails in the US were recorded in 1836 in the New England area. They identified both a native species (Typha gracilis) with a very restricted US range and a european species (Typha angustifolia). By 1850 the two species were lumped together as Typha angustifolia (citation).

Today there are two common species in the US, the invasive Typha angustifolia and the native Typha latifolia, of which can form hybrids with each other. There are two other native US species, namely Typha domingensis and Typha x glauca.


VIDEO


Links to more information

  1. History of Cattails - and more detailed information such as cattail foodchains and uses by humans.

  2. Species information - USDA Plants Database on Typha with links to other sources of information.

  3. Species information - great source of information and references about Typha species from Purdue's extension of plant products.

  4. Potential for Hybridazation of Typha latifolia and T. angustifolia... - article by Serena Selbo and Allison Snow in Aquatic Botany 78 (2004) 361-369


Website, video, and graphics by Rob Nelson
For more information on this plant or management please contact US Army Corp of Engineers

 

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