Barnyard Grass - Echinochloa crus-galli
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Barnyard grass is a weed of Eurasian origin that occurs throughout the continental United States. It is also found in southern Canada from British Columbia east to Novia Scotia.
Barnyard grass is readily grazed by livestock in Arizona and West
Virginia, and can be cultivated for hay.
Seeds of barnyard grass are eaten by songbirds, waterfowl, and greater
prairie chickens. Barnyard grass is an important source
of food and cover for waterfowl in the Sacramento Valley. In the
playa lakes of Texas and New Mexico, meadows dominated by barnyard grass
are important habitat for waterfowl and pheasant.
Generally, seed yields from barnyard grass stands are reduced in 2 to 3
years because of competition with other weeds. In Missouri,
natural seeding of barnyard grass was stimulated by periodic draining
and flooding of a wetland site; a July 1 to September 15 drawdown
produced an excellent stand of barnyard grass which was utilized by
waterfowl. In California, draining barnyard grass fields in the
spring and discing them can benefit stands. At the Mendota Waterfowl
Management Area, California, this practice has been used to perpetuate
stands of barnyard grass for up to 6 years.
Website, video, and graphics by Rob Nelson
For more information on this plant or management please contact US Army Corp of Engineers