plants naviagation
Previous Family Next Family

xxxHome
x
xAcanthaceae
x
xAlismataceae
x
xAmaranthaceae
x
xAmaryllidaceae
x
xAnnonaceae
x
xApiaceae
x
xApocynaceae
x
xAraceae
x
xAraucariaceae
x
xArecaceae
x
xAsteraceae
x
xAsclepiadaceae
x
xBignoniaceae
x
xBoraginaceae
x
xBrassicaceae
x
xBromeliaceae
x
xCactaceae
x
xCampanulaceae
x
xCaryophyllaceae
x
xCasuarinaceae
x
xCelastraceae
x
xClusiaceae
x
xCombretaceae
x
xCommelinaceae
x
xConvolvulaceae
x
xCrassulaceae
x
xCucurbitaceae
x
xCyperaceae
x
xEricaceae
x
xEuphorbiaceae
x
xFabaceae
x
xFagaceae
x
xIridaceae
x
xLamiaceae
x
xLauraceae
x
xLiliaceae
x
xLythraceae
x
xMagnoliaceae
x
xMalpighiaceae
x
xMalvaceae
x
xxMelastomataceae
x
xMoraceae
x
xMyrsinaceae
x
xMyrtaceae
x
xNyctaginaceae
x
xNymphaceae
x
xOleaceae
x
xOrchidaceae
x
xOxalidaceae
x
xPapaveraceae
x
xPiperaceae
x
xPlantaginaceae
x
xPoaceae
x
xPolygonaceae
x
xxPortulaceae
x
xProteaceae
x
xRanunculaceae
x
xRhamnaceae
x
xRosaceae
x
xRubiaceae
x
xRutaceae
x
xSapindaceae
x
xSapotaceae
x
xSolanaceae
x
xUrticaceae
x
xVerbenaceae
x
xViolaceae
x
xZingiberaceae
x

Zingiberaceae:

Gingers are made up of about 1000 species in 47 genera. They have numerous members with aromatic oils that have made them popular for perfumes and ornamentals. Turmeric, Curcuma longa is one of the most important spices in the world, particularly in India and other areas of south-east asia. In some tropical places, such as Hawaii, ornamental gingers have escaped cultivation and are now a serious invasive species in the wet tropical areas.


Systematics: Gingers can rarely be mistaken for anything else. Most notable is the single functional stamen that it has running through it [the pistil]. This odd arrangement is not present in any other family. What look like petals are actually sterile stamen (staminodes). Three of them are coalesced and two are distinct.

Other descriptive characters are the alternate, disticous leaves with lateral veins running pinnately up the stalk. The ovaries are inferior and the pistil is tri-carpelated.

Specimens List
ginger kalihi

Kalihi Ginger

Hedychium gardnerianum


Floral Diagram

Floral Formula


Yellow Ginger Roots

Hedychium flavenscens


Beehive Ginger

Zingiber spectabili

ginger red

Red Ginger

Alpinia purpurata

zedoary ginger

Zedoary

Curcuma zedoaria

ginger

Ginger Photo 1

ginger

Ginger Photo 2

ginger

Ginger Photo 3


 


Selected Photographs: More photographs accessible through the thumbnails above.

Kahili Ginger: Hedychium gardnerianum

Kahili Ginger - Hedychium gardnerianum

Yellow Ginger: Hedychium flavenscens

Yellow Ginger Roots - Rob Nelson - Hedychium flavenscens

Beehive Ginger - Zingiber spectabili

Beehive Ginger - Zingiber spectabili


Other Zingiberaceae Links

Montoso gardens: Links to many pictures of gingers in the family

UH Botany family description and pictures: by Dr. GD Carr

Family Description: from the Flora of China online

Family Description: Very detailed


Links to pictures of Gingers : Zingiberaceae

 

Google
 
Web www.explorebiodiversity.com

 

 

 
The Wild Classroom Biology Concepts Biodiversity Home