plants naviagation
Previous Family Next Family

xxxHome
x
xAcanthaceae
x
xAlismataceae
x
xAmaranthaceae
x
xAmaryllidaceae
x
xAnnonaceae
x
xApiaceae
x
xApocynaceae
x
xAraceae
x
xAraucariaceae
x
xArecaceae
x
xAsteraceae
x
xAsclepiadaceae
x
xBignoniaceae
x
xBoraginaceae
x
xBrassicaceae
x
xBromeliaceae
x
xCactaceae
x
xCampanulaceae
x
xCaryophyllaceae
x
xCasuarinaceae
x
xCelastraceae
x
xClusiaceae
x
xCombretaceae
x
xCommelinaceae
x
xConvolvulaceae
x
xCrassulaceae
x
xCucurbitaceae
x
xCyperaceae
x
xEricaceae
x
xEuphorbiaceae
x
xFabaceae
x
xFagaceae
x
xIridaceae
x
xLamiaceae
x
xLauraceae
x
xLiliaceae
x
xLythraceae
x
xMagnoliaceae
x
xMalpighiaceae
x
xMalvaceae
x
xxMelastomataceae
x
xMoraceae
x
xMyrsinaceae
x
xMyrtaceae
x
xNyctaginaceae
x
xNymphaceae
x
xOleaceae
x
xOrchidaceae
x
xOxalidaceae
x
xPapaveraceae
x
xPiperaceae
x
xPlantaginaceae
x
xPoaceae
x
xPolygonaceae
x
xxPortulaceae
x
xProteaceae
x
xRanunculaceae
x
xRhamnaceae
x
xRosaceae
x
xRubiaceae
x
xRutaceae
x
xSapindaceae
x
xSapotaceae
x
xSolanaceae
x
xUrticaceae
x
xVerbenaceae
x
xViolaceae
x
xZingiberaceae
x

Fabaceae: Legumes

Behind the Orchids and Sunflowers, the bean family is the third largest family. Now that several families have been combined there are about 18,000 species in 630 genera. To break it down further there are the Caesalpinioideae faboids with 150 genera and 2,700 species. The Faboideae have 429 genera and 12,615 species. The Mimosoideae have 40 genera and 2,500 species.

These plants often are associated with bacteria in nodes in their roots. This allows them to fix nitrogen and thus they are planted in soils that are low in nitrogen. Large mimosoid trees are seen frequently planted in the tropics with food crops underneath (putting nitrogen into the soil for the crops).


Systematics: Leaves are alternate, stipulate, and have a pulvinus. The ovary is superior and the fruit is usually a legume. Usually there are 10 stamen. Besides that there can be a lot of variation between the subfamilies.

Specimens List


Golden Glory



Caesalpiniodeae Diagram


Tamarind : Tamarindus indica.

Native from Africa to India


Mimisoideae Diagram


ea
Crown-vetch (Coronilla varia)

VIDEO


Faboideae Diagram


ea
Birds-foot Deervetch (Lotus corniculatus)

VIDEO


Kudzu- (Pueraria montana)

VIDEO

Links to more information

Sample Videos

 

 
The Wild Classroom Biology Concepts Biodiversity Home